This is a common infection affecting the oral cavity caused by the Candida fungus, commonly called yeast. Its recurring nature proves problematic as it
affects any age group even toddlers and easily contracted by immuno-compromised patients. Oral thrush also affects other areas such as the vagina and also causes diaper rash in babies.
Causes of Yeast Infection
The fungus Candida albicans is normally present in the oral cavity, skin and digestive tract. Its activity is controlled by the presence of other bacteria present. During times of illness, stress and certain medication, an imbalance is created in the bacteria in the mouth which alters / increases the growth of the fungus leading to infection. Corticosteroids, antibiotics and oral contraceptives are some of the medication that disrupts the microbial balance.
Oral thrush is likely to infect individuals with AIDS, diabetes, cancer and dry mouth. Smoking and ill fitting dentures also predisposes to this yeast infection.
Symptoms of a yeast infection
- Appearance of creamy white, raised lesions
- Usually occurs on the surface of the tongue and inner cheeks
- Also found on the palate, tonsils, gums and back of the throat.
- Lasts for a long period of time
- Painful and bleeds if scraped and if the teeth are brushed.
- If in case it reaches the esophagus, it may cause complications in deglutition, a feeling of food being stuck in the chest and fever.
- If left untreated oral thrush may spread to the internal organs affecting the lungs , liver etc
Diagnosis of Oral Thrush
Easily diagnosed by oral examination and confirmed by microscopic examination of the affected tissue. If the infection has extended in to the esophagus, then multiple tests may be required.
How to cure yeast infection
The following yeast infection treatments are available:
Antifungal medication, available in tablets, lozenges and liquid form is given to the patient for a period of two weeks
It is very difficult to cure yeast infections in immuno compromised individuals.
Any underlying health condition needs to be treated in order to effectively get rid of the infection.
Yeastrol is a anti fungal medication which is used to treat oral thrush patients.
Prevention of Yeast Infections
- Regular visits to the dentist are necessary especially if you are suffering from diabetes or are a denture wearer.
- Brush twice daily. Avoid prolonged use of mouth washes and artificial sprays as they disrupt the balance of the oral flora.
- Try quitting smoking, alcohol consumption and reduce the amount of sugar intake.
- Want to get rid of your thrush? Try out Yeastrol and be thrush free.